FLUORIDE: Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc. (ISFR)

Information for authors

  • FLUORIDE IS AVAILABLE FREE ONLINE TO INDIVIDUAL USERS, IN FULL TEXT WITHOUT AN EMBARGO PERIOD. However, the copyright for the articles is held by the ISFR. Authors are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, link to the full text, and use them for any other lawful purpose without asking prior permission from the publisher, the ISFR, provided acknowledgement is given that the article was first published in Fluoride.

  • NO AUTHOR, INSTITUTIONAL, OR ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGES. The making of multiple copies of articles by institutions is allowed by Reproduction Rights Organizations (RROs) in many countries including New Zealand (Copyright Licensing New Zealand), Australia (Copyright Agency Limited), Canada (Access Canada), France (Centre Francais d'exploitation), Hong Kong (Hong Kong Reproduction Rights), Ireland (Irish Copyright Licensing Agency), Japan (Japan Academic Association for Copyright Clearance), South Africa (DALRO South Africa), United Kingdom (Copyright Licensing Agency), and the United States of America (Copyright Clearance Center). In return for this assignment of copyright to the ISFR and the accompanying income stream from the RROs, NO AUTHOR, INSTITUTIONAL, OR ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGES ARE MADE. A printer's quality pdf of articles is available for download on the website and five free offprints of articles are supplied to authors. Articles should be written in Word and submitted by E-mail to the nearest Regional Editor. The Regional Editor will arrange for single blind peer review, usually with two reviewers, in which the peer reviewer knows the names of the authors but not vice versa.

  • SAVING COPIES IN INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES. Institutions can preserve a second copy of articles published by their researchers in an institutional repository. Application has been made for registering Fluoride as a deposit with Sherpa, University of Nottingham, UK.

  • SCOPE AND FOCUS OF FLUORIDE Fluoride publishes peer-reviewed scientific reports on agricultural, analytical, biochemical, biological, chemical, clinical, dental, ecological, environmental, industrial, medical, metabolic, pharmacological, synergistic, toxicological, and veterinary aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides. The journal does not contain advertising.

  • PEER REVIEW. Papers are normally reviewed by two peer reviewers on a single blind basis in which the peer reviewer knows the identity of the authors but not vice versa.

  • SUBMITTING MANUSCRIPTS TO FLUORIDE GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS REVISED JANUARY-MARCH 2015 Manuscripts, including reports of original research, papers presented at ISFR conferences, research reviews, discussion papers, and letters to the editor, are accepted for publication after appropriate evaluation and recommendation by qualified reviewers. The initial version of the manuscript, double-spaced throughout with wide margins, should be submitted, as a Word attachment by E-mail, to the nearest Regional Editor. The E-mail addresses for these editors are given below and in the masthead of the Table of Contents on page i of each issue. Detailed instructions for preparing papers are at www.fluorideresearch.online and in Fluoride 2013;46(1):40-8. These instructions should be followed meticulously to avoid publication delays. The Editorial Officers of Fluoride strongly support the maintenance of the highest standards of animal care and the control of discomforts to animals in research. Authors must indicate whether their institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964, as revised in 2013, available from http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/ 10policies/b3/index.html. Fluoride follows the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and their Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing, and publication of scholarly work in medical journals, updated December 2016, and the ICMJE form for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest are available from: www.icmje.org. The recommendations describe author responsibilities for conflicts of interest, human and animal rights, informed consent, and ethical policies. The ICMJE conflict of interest disclosure form should be downloaded, completed electronically by each author, and then submitted to Fluoride with the manuscript. Authors should state if the ICMJE recommendations have been followed. The Editorial Officers of Fluoride recommend that authors study the information for authors on ethical responsibilities and scientific misconduct published by Elsevier and available at www.elsevier.com/ethics. The material covers the areas of duplicate submission, research fraud including fabrication (making up research data) and falsification (manipulation of existing research data, tables, or images), plagiarism (passing off anothers work or idea as your own), authorship disputes (deliberately misrepresenting a scientists relationship to their work on a published paper), conflict of interest (nondisclosure to the publication that you have a direct or indirect conflict that prevents you from being unbiased in your paper), salami slicing (the slicing of research that would form one meaningful paper into several different papers), and the improper use of humans or animals in research including absent or inadequate informed consent of human subjects, or maltreatment of laboratory animals, with articles available in English, Spanish, Chinese, and Japanese. For observational studies in epidemiology, authors might consider using the guidelines in the STROBE statement available from: http://journals.lww.com/ epidem/pages/ articleviewer.aspx?year=2007&issue=11000&article=00027&type=abstract

  • Instructions for authors (revised January-March 2013). (PDF)

  • Instructions for authors (revised January-March 2015). (PDF)

  • Publication ethics and malpractice statement (PDF)

  • Authors should send papers to the nearest regional editor for their area. The regional editors are:

    Regional Editor for Africa:

    Regional Editor for Eastern Europe:

    Regional Editors for India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sri Lanka:

    Regional Editor for Latin America, including Mexico, Central America, and Cuba:

    Regional Editor for the Middle East:

    Regional Editor for Pakistan and Afghanistan:

    Regional Editors for People's Republic of China

    Searching all the issues of Fluoride since 1968

    To search this site, (including PDF documents) for an author or subject enter the key words in the white box on the left below and then click the search button on the right:


    Accessing all the issues of Fluoride since 1968 in full text

  • Archives and Indexes 1968-2018 (Most of the back issues are also available in hard copy but a few require reprinting). (PDF)
  • Accessing the last thirteen issues of Fluoride: October-December 2016; 49(4 Pt 1) and 49(4 Pt 2), January-March 2017;50(1 Pt1) and 50(1 Pt 2), April-June 2017;50(2), July-September 2017;50(3), October-December 2017;50(4), January-March 2018;51(1), April-June 2018;51(2), July-September 2018;51(3), October-December 2018;51(4), January 2019;52(1), and April 2019;52(2).

  • October-December 2016. Fluoride 49(4 Pt1):373-466. (PDF)
  • October-December 2016. Fluoride 49(4 Pt2):467-562. (PDF)
  • January-March 2017. Fluoride 50(1 Pt1):1-96. (PDF)
  • January-March 2017. Fluoride 50(1 Pt2):97-192. (PDF)
  • April-June 2017. Fluoride 50(2):193-286. (PDF)
  • July-September 2017. Fluoride 50(3):287-382. (PDF)
  • October-December 2017. Fluoride 50(4):383-480. (PDF)
  • January-March 2018. Fluoride 51(1):1-96. (PDF)
  • April-June 2018. Fluoride 51(2):97-192. (PDF)
  • July-September 2018. Fluoride 51(3):193-290. (PDF)
  • October-December 2018. Fluoride 51(4):291-388. (PDF)
  • January 2019. Fluoride 52(1):1-98. (PDF)
  • April 2019. Fluoride 52(2):99-192. (PDF)
  • Accessing Fluoride from the People's Republic of China. Recently, it appears that it has not been possible to open some links. I have made some adjustments to remedy this problem but if it is not possible to open a particular link please contact me to look into the matter. Bruce Spittle.


    Epublications ahead of print

  • Epub038: Janda K, Jakubczyk K, Styburski D, Bosiacka B, Gutowska I, Chlubek D. The influence of temperature on the content of fluoride in different types of honey. (PDF)
  • Epub037: Styburski D, Goschorska M, Baranowska-Bosiacka I, Dec K, Janda K, Kabat-Koperska J, Rebacz-Maron E, Sikora M, Gutowska I, Chlubek D. The influence of immunosuppressive treatment during pregnancy on fluoride levels in the hard tissues of femal Wistar rats and their offspring. (PDF)
  • Epub036: Janda K, Jakubczyk K, Baranowska-Bosiacka I, Gutowska I, Chlubek D. Infusions from edible flowers as a source of fluoride in diet. (PDF)
  • Epub035: Gundogar, Keskin, Cinar. Comparison of fluoride and the novel anti-caries agent theobromine on initial enamel caries: an in vitro study. (PDF)
  • Epub034:Dahi E. Database management of defluoridation works as an essential tool in minimising exposure to fluoride through water. (PDF)
  • Epub032:Ullah R, Zafar MS, Riaz I, Hasan SJ. Top cited publications on fluoride in relation to oral health: a bibliometric analysis. (PDF)
  • Epub031: Kichana E, Minyila S, Quarcoo G. The lethal effect of groundwater fluoride on the germination and growth of maize ( Zea mays ) and rice ( Oryza sativa ) seeds and plants. (PDF)
  • Epub030: Farooq I, Majeed A, AlShwaimi E, Almas K. Efficacy of a novel fluoride containing bioactive glass based dentifrice in remineralizing artifically induced demineralization in human enamel. (PDF)
  • Epub029: Ahmed S, Saleemi I, Jabeen F, Zia A, Haider A, Syed SA. Status of yield characteristics of turnip (Brassica rapa L. ) under fluoride stress. (PDF)
  • Epub028: Zhang YH, Huang X, Liu SY, Qian WT, Yang X, Chen YQ. The forms of fluoride in tea and its bioaccessibility. (PDF)
  • Epub027: Hu N, Fang FX, Du Y, Chen YQ. Subcellular distribution and chemical forms of fluoride in tea tree leaves ( Camellia sinensis L.) and its cell walls. (PDF)
  • Epub026: Trinajstic Zrinski M, Miljanic S, Peros K, Turco G, Contardo L, Spaij S. Fluoride release and recharge potential of remineralizing orthodontic adhesive systems. (PDF)
  • Epub025: Ahmed S, Saleemi I, Jabeen F, Zia A, Ahmad MN, Haider A, Khan AA, Syed SSA. Assessing the effect of foliar and soil fluoride stress on turnip ( Brassica rapa L.). (PDF)
  • Epub023: Urooj R, Ahmad SS, Ahmad MN. Assessment of fluoride damage to wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivated near brick kilns in the Rawalpindi district, Pakistan. (PDF)
  • Epub022: Anusha R, Arthi B, Balashanmugam P, Iyer K, Madan Kumar PD. Effectiveness of nanoparticle-based acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel on surface microhardness of human enamel: an in vitro study. (PDF)
  • Epub021: Ahmed S, Khalid K, Jabeen F, Ahmad MN, Zia A, Haider A, Muhajid M, Zia D, Khan NP. The effects of fluoride stress on okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus L.) (PDF)
  • Epub020: Ahmed S, Khalid K, Jabeen F, Ahmad MN, Zia A, Muhajid M, Zia D, Haider A. Productivity assessment of okra under sodium fluoride stress. (PDF)
  • Epub019: Cetin S, Yur F, Taspinar M Yuksek V. The effects of some minerals on apoptosis and DNA damage in sodium fluoride-administered renal and osteoblast cell lines. (PDF)
  • Epub011: Snioszek M, Telesinski A, Biczak R, Platkowski M. Comparison of the effects of soil treatment with NaF and KF on antioxidant enzymes in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. (PDF)
  • Report on the XXXIVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Guiyang, People's Republic of China, October 18-20, 2018

  • Report on the 34th ISFR conference, Guiyang, People's Republic of China (PDF)
  • Epub002:Abstracts of papers presented at the XXXIVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Guiyang, People's Republic of China, October 18-20, 2018. Fluoride 2019;52(1):77-98. (PDF)
  • Website for the XXXIVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Guiyang, People's Republic of China, October 18-20, 2018

  • Website for the XXXIVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Guiyang, People's Republic of China, October 18-20, 2018
  • General information on the ISFR and subscribing to Fluoride in hardcopy

    The Society is an independent non-profit organization which promotes the sharing of scientific research on all aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides by hosting international conferences on fluoride research and publishing quarterly, online (ISSN2253-4083) and in print (ISSN 0015-4725), the open access journal Fluoride: Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc.

    Click the links below to open the related webpage or PDF file. PDF links open in new page or tab.

  • General information on the ISFR, membership of the ISFR, impact factor for Fluoride, subscription to Fluoride, and manuscript submission. (PDF)
  • The subscription rates for Fluoride for 2018 and answers to some questions about subscriptions
  • The subscription rates for Fluoride for 2019 and answers to some questions about subscriptions
  • The subscription rates for Fluoride for 2020 and answers to some questions about subscriptions
  • Professional information on the editorial staff of Fluoride (PDF)
  • Impact factor (PDF)
  • Some information on chronic fluoride toxicity
  • Some information on the history of the ISFR: 35 years of Fluoride (PDF)
  • Epublications that were originally published ahead of print that are now in print

  • Epub024: Spittle B. Further recognition of fluoride-induced neurotoxicity [editorial]. (PDF)
  • Epub018: Zhou GK, Song H, Liu HF, Bin G, Ding XC, Zhao CY, Zhang N, Xu YF, Qi YH. The prevalence of eye diseases among residents in areas of Northeast China with high and acceptable drinking-water fluoride levels. (PDF)
  • Epub017: Zeng XX, Deng J, Xiang J, Dong YT, Cao K, Liu XH, Chen D, Ran LY, Yang Y, Guan ZZ. Resveratrol attenuated the increased level of oxidative stress in the brains and the deficit of learning and memory of rats with chronic fluorosis. (PDF)
  • Epub016: Deng J, Zeng XX, Liu XH, Chen D, Dong YT, Song H, Li Y, Guan ZZ. Screening and verification of differential DNA methylation genes in the peripheral blood cells of children with skeletal fluorosis in Guizhou Province of China. (PDF)
  • Epub015: Lou DD, Zheng D, Ma RR, Zhang KL, Pan JG, Liu YJ, Yu YN, Guan ZZ. Altered fission 1 and mitofusin 1 in mitochondria induced by exposure to fluoride causes apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. (PDF)
  • Epub014: Rudiak A, Opydo-Szymaczek J, Opydo W. Fluoride content in drinking water from shallow dug wells in the agricultural area of Subcarpathian Province (Poland). (PDF)
  • Epub013: Choubisa SL, Choubisa D. Genu-valgum (knock-knee) syndrome in fluorosis-endemic Rajasthan and its current status in India. (PDF)
  • Epub012: Strunecka A, Strunecky O, Guan ZZ. The resemblance of fluorosis pathology to that of autism spectrum disorder: a mini-review. (PDF)
  • Epub010: Spittle B. The effects of fluoride on inflammation and cancer [editorial]. Fluoride 2019;52(1):7-8. (PDF)
  • Epub009: Spittle B. Hans Moolenburgh: physician, scientist, and warrior for freedom in the fight against fluoridation [In Memoriam]; Westerman M. Hans Moolenburgh: a man of faith and hero who stood up against the evil of fluoridation [Im Memoriam]. (PDF)
  • Epub008: Pei JR, Xu JX, Gao YH, Sun HN, Lv CP, Jiang YT, Sun WW, Jiang W, Qu LS, Jiang LX, Sun DJ. Identification of pathogenesis-related microRNA profiles in skeletal fluorosis. Fluoride 2019;52(1):29-41. (PDF)
  • Epub007: Al-Daihan S, Bhat RS. Protective effect of bee pollen against sodium fluoride-induced hepatonephrotoxicity and serum electrolyte changes in rats. Fluoride 2019;52(1):9-17. (PDF)
  • Epub006: Javid I, Nasir M, Suleman S, Ikram S, Mumtaz A, Kanwal MA, Raees K, Zia A, Ahmad KR. Adrenal histo-toxicological impacts of bifenthrin (a chloro-fluoridated-pyrethroid) are reversible on Nigella sativa seed oil treatment in mice. Fluoride 2019;52(1):66-76. (PDF)
  • Epub005: Khanum Z, Suleman S, Mustanser A, Ul Hassan MW, Raees K, Kanwal MA, Zia A, Ahmad KR. Comparative teratological outcomes of fluoride ions and a fluoridated insecticide (bifenthrin) in chick embryos. Fluoride 2019;52(1):59-65. (PDF)
  • Epub004: Chiba FY, Tsosura TVS, Pereira RF, Mattera MSdeLC, dos Santos RM, Marani F, Garbin CAS, Moimaz SAS, Sumida DH. Mild chronic NaF intake promotes insulin resistance and increase in inflammatory signalling in the white adipose tissue of rats. Fluoride 2019;52(1):18-28. (PDF)
  • Epub003: Jakubczyk K, Stachowska E, Holowko J, Maciejewska D, Lukomska A, Ryterska K, Halasa M, Gutowska I. Does the type of sport activity have an influence on the accumulation of fluoride in the human organism? Fluoride 2019;52(1):42-48. (PDF)
  • Epub002: Abstracts of papers presented at the XXXIVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Guiyang, People's Republic of China, October 18-20, 2018. Fluoride 2019;52(1):77-98. (PDF)
  • Epub001: Singh P, Das TK. Ultrastructural localization of 4-hydroxynonenal adducts in fluoride-exposed cells: protective role of dietary antioxidants. Fluoride 2019;52(1):49-58. (PDF)
  • Please contact me if you have any problems using the site. Bruce Spittle, Editor-in-Chief, Fluoride, spittle727@gmail.com

    Owned and published by the ISFR. Copyright 2019. All rights reserved. 1956 16 May 2019.

    Thomson Reuters Journal Impact Factor (From the Bioxbio Journal Impact factor based on the citation information of journals in their database).

  • Impact factor (PDF)
  • 2017/2018 Impact Factor 1.438 (total articles 34); 2016 Impact Factor : 1.342 (total articles 43); 2015 Impact Factor: 0.797 (total articles 37); 2014 Impact Factor : 0.629 (total articles 39); 2013 Impact Factor : 0.931 (total articles 34); 2012 Impact Factor : 0.758 (total articles 29); 2011 Impact Factor : 0.824 (total articles 32); 2010 Impact Factor : 1 (total articles 30)
  • Available from: http://http://www.bioxbio.com/if/html/FLUORIDE.html. (Cited 20 December 2018)
  • SCImago Journal & Country Rank